Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy, radiation oncology, or radiotherapy, sometimes abbreviated to XRT or DXT, is the medical use of ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells.…

Cancer

Cancer known medically as a malignant neoplasm, is a broad group of various diseases, all involving unregulated cell growth. In cancer, cells divide and grow uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors, and invade nearby parts of the body.…

Therapy

Therapy (Latin therapīa; Greek: θεραπεία) literally means “curing, healing” and is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis. In the medical field, it is synonymous with the word “treatment”.…

Oncology

Oncology (from the Ancient Greek onkos, meaning bulk, mass, or tumor, and the suffix -logy, meaning “study of”) is a branch of medicine that deals with cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.…

Image-guided radiation therapy

Radiotherapy radiographers, also known as radiation therapists or radiation technologists use image guided radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, or IGRT, to help better deliver radiation therapy to cancerous tumors. This is very useful since tumors can move between treatments due to differences in organ filling or movements while breathing.…

Prostate

The prostate (from Greek προστάτης – prostates, literally “one who stands before”, “protector”, “guardian”) is a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male reproductive system in most mammals. It differs considerably among species anatomically, chemically, and physiologically.…

Brachytherapy

Brachytherapy (from the Greek word βραχυς brachys, meaning “short-distance”), also known as internal radiotherapy, sealed source radiotherapy, curietherapy or endocurietherapy, is a form of radiotherapy where a radiation source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment.…

Lumpectomy

Lumpectomy is a common surgical procedure designed to remove a discrete lump, usually a benign tumor or breast cancer, from an affected man’s or woman’s breast. As the tissue removed is generally quite limited and the procedure relatively non-invasive, compared to a mastectomy, a lumpectomy is considered a viable means of “breast conservation” or “breast preservation” surgery with all the attendant physical and emotional advantages of such an approach.…

Radiosurgery

Radiosurgery is a medical procedure that allows non-invasive treatment of benign and malignant tumors and other brain pathologies, such as trigeminal neuralgia and some cases of epilepsy. The initial application of radiosurgery was in treatment of lesions in the brain, a technique also known as stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).…