Prostate

The prostate (from Greek προστάτης – prostates, literally “one who stands before”, “protector”, “guardian”) is a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male reproductive system in most mammals. It differs considerably among species anatomically, chemically, and physiologically.…

Physician

A physician is a professional who practices medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.…

Surgery

Surgery (from the Greek: χειρουργική cheirourgikē, via Latin: chirurgiae, meaning “hand work”) is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance.…

Cervix

The cervix (from the Latin cervix uteri, meaning “neck of the womb”) is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. It is cylindrical or conical in shape and protrudes through the upper anterior vaginal wall.…

Gynaecology

Gynaecology or gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system. Literally, outside medicine, it means “the science of women”. Its counterpart is andrology, which deals with medical issues specific to the male reproductive system.…

Uterine cancer

The term uterine cancer may refer to any of several different types of cancer which occur in the uterus, namely: Uterine sarcomas: sarcomas of the myometrium, or muscular layer of the uterus, are most commonly leiomyosarcomas.…

Uterus

The uterus (from Latin “uterus”, plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive reproductive sex organ of most mammals including humans. One end, the cervix, opens into the vagina, while the other is connected to one or both fallopian tubes, depending on the species.…

Menopause

Menopause literally means the “end of monthly cycles”, from the Greek word pausis (cessation) and the root men- (month). Menopause is an event that typically (but not always) occurs in women in midlife, during their late 40s or early 50s, and it signals the end of the fertile phase of a woman’s life.…

Vaginal bleeding

Vaginal bleeding refers to bleeding through the vagina, including bleeding from the vaginal wall itself as well as (and more commonly) bleeding from another location of the female reproductive system. Generally, it is either a physiologic response during the non-conceptional menstrual cycle or caused by hormonal or organic problems of the reproductive system.…